The American black bear (Ursus americanus) was once found throughout North America from Alaska and northern Canada to northern Mexico. Six mother bears living in the wild gave birth to eight babies. To escape tigers, Asian black bears rush up a tree and wait for the tiger to leave, though some tigers will pretend to leave, and wait for the bear to descend. Asian black bears are also popular as pets in Vietnam.[15]. In contrast to polar bears, Asian black bears have powerful upper bodies for climbing trees, and relatively weak hind legs which are shorter than those in brown bears and American black bears. They may live in family groups consisting of two adults and two successive litters of young. Birth also occurs earlier, in mid-January. [43] American Black Bear. Compared to other bears of the genus Ursus, the projections of the skull are weakly developed; the sagittal crest is low and short, even in old specimens, and does not exceed more than 19–20% of the total length of the skull, unlike in brown bears, which have sagittal crests comprising up to 41% of the skull's length. [15] Further investigations on the entire mitochondrial cytochrome b sequence indicate that the divergence of continental Asian and Japanese black bear populations might have occurred when bears crossed the land bridge between the Korean peninsula and Japan 500,000 years ago, which is consistent with paleontological evidence. Distribution The Asiatic black bear inhabits a small area from southeastern Iran through to Afghanistan and Pakistan, and across the Himalayan foothills in India to Myanmar. If they know of any easy food source they will use it, but they generally travel at night to avoid detection. Balochistan black bear or Pakistan black bear. Burton, R. G. (1931). The survey was done in 87 different places, mostly in the north-central, northeastern and southeastern areas of Bangladesh that had historical presence of bears. According to The Great and Small Game of India, Burma, and Tibet, regarding the hunting of Asian black bears in British India: Black bear stalking in the forests bordering the valley of Kashmir requires much more care than is expended in approaching brown bear on the open hills above, the senses of sight and hearing being more strongly developed in the black than in the brown species. Wild mammals of North America, 2nd edn, (eds Feldhamer GA, Thompson BC, Chapman JA), 547–555. [4] Adult females weigh 40–125 kg (88–276 lb), and large ones up to 140 kg (310 lb). [3] Sows generally have their first litter at the age of three years. [15] From an evolutionary perspective, Asian black bears are the least changed of the Old World bears, with certain scientists arguing that it is likely that all other lineages of ursine bear stem from this species. Similar to brown bears, Asian black bears have delayed implantation. Is the most widespread species, but the largest populations are in Russia, United States and Canada. If a man were to hunt for nothing else but bears, and kill a hundred in his six months' leave, he would not have enjoyed such real sport as he would, had he killed ten buck ibex or markhoor. American black bears currently inhabit much of their original Canadian range, though they seldom occur in the southern farmlands of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba; they have been extirpated on Prince Edward Islandsince 1937. Russia's rapidly growing timber industry has been a serious threat to the Asian black bear's home range for three decades. The Rukai and Paiwan people are permitted to hunt Asian black bears, though they believe that doing so will curse the hunters involved: Rukai people believe that hunting Asian black bears can result in disease. A small remnant population survives in southern Korea. According to Jack Hanna's Monkeys on the Interstate, a bear captured in Sanford, Florida, was thought to have been the offspring of an escaped female Asian black bear and a male American black bear, and Scherren's Some notes on hybrid bears published in 1907 mentioned a successful mating between an Asian black bear and a sloth bear. Korean National Park Service announced on April 15, 2018 that eight mother bears gave birth to 11 babies. It has been recorded from 18 countries throughout southern and eastern Asia (Garshelis and Steinmetz 2008). At the turn of the 20th century, a hospital in Srinagar, Kashmir received dozens of Asian black bear victims annually. [28], Asian black bears have a wide range of vocalizations, including grunts, whines, roars, slurping sounds (sometimes made when feeding) and "an appalling row" when wounded, alarmed or angry. Endo, H., Taru, H., Yamamoto, M., Arishima, K., & Sasaki, M. (2003). [1], It typically inhabits deciduous forests, mixed forests and thornbrush forests. Unregulated harvest and illegal kill can depress population growth, especially when population numbers are low and separated from one another. [36] Wild ungulate prey can include muntjacs, serow, takin,[37] wild boar[38] and adult water buffaloes, which they kill by breaking their necks. However, black bears were rarely hunted for sport, because of the poor quality of their fur and the ease by which they could be shot in trees, or stalked, as their hearing was poor.[13][68]. Before settlement by the early Europeans, Florida black bears occupied all of the Florida mainland, including some coastal islands and larger keys. 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