Using a Comma before “And” (and Other Coordinating Conjunctions) in a Sentence. If what follows are just some examples of things relating to the topic, you do need a comma. A lot of people have strong feelings about putting a comma before and in a list. "Before" may, but need not necessarily, be preceded by a comma. One example illustrated Secretary Pompeo’s preference for the use of the Oxford comma: “The wartime rations included cabbage, turnips, and bread.” In honor of the Secretary, today we are including our article about commas in a series of three or more items that we first published on January 17, 2007. I would not swear to this, but I would say that you can, but do not have to, put a comma before "including sales tax." Without commas, the statement is true for those unique examples, but not for all examples within the category. Read more about the Oxford Comma. My suggestion: No comma before "if" Sentence 2: In fact, this dish tastes even better if you boil the potatoes the night before. Are you going to buy 3 items or 4? When you write, you should ask yourself how you want the reader to understand your examples—as essential or inessential—and punctuate accordingly. A nonessential clause could also be written as a parenthetical or placed between em dashes. Use a comma before “such as” and “including” when the words that follow are an aside. As with our earlier french fry example, the first sentence here is a bit odd without its restrictive phrase there to tell us what kind of movies Alfred’s girlfriend likes. Asked by Wiki User. Depends on the sentence. ; Don’t use a comma before which when it’s used to pose an indirect question. 2. The annexes are part of the contract. Besides, when you use that as a relative pronoun, you cannot use it in non defining sentences (where you use which), but these are the only ones where a comma is needed, to separate them from the main clause. no. “Mushrooms such as the truffe blanche d'Alba are too expensive to be used daily.” including example sentences. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. ü Where the clause before/after the name is not essential. Unlike clauses, which must contain at least a verb and which often include a subject or object, phrases can consist of any group of words. Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before "and"? The choice between an em dash, parentheses, or a comma becomes a stylistic decision—all three forms of punctuation serve the same purpose in this context. Hope this helped. NOTE: Do not use a comma if the order is reversed (the independent clause comes before the dependent clause), except for cases of extreme contrast. Don K. Ferguson, retired U.S. District Court chief deputy clerk, is a former News Sentinel city editor and a … In fact, "using Y" is a present participle phrase, which functions as an adjective-phrase. Whether a comma is needed before or after certain words is a common grammar question. In the second sentence, we know that the actress’s ability to make people cry is only one reason she’s a famous speaker. Whether “including” requires a comma will depend on what the word is doing in your sentence. 5. Yes and no. The G8 countries including France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, and Russia participated in the G8 summit held at New Delhi. Comma before or after including? My suggestion: No comma before "if" Sentence 3 is a bit more complicated: You can substitute dark chocolate for white chocolate or any of your favourite type of chocolate if you prefer. If it is part of a non-restrictive or unessential clause or phrase, you need a comma. With the word “including,” you’re introducing examples. But the last one uses a comma before the word "flying." In cases where the sentence could be interpreted in two different ways, the writer may use punctuation to alert the reader to his or her intended meaning. Kevin went to Chicago with his new friends on the Friday night before last. A compound sentence is one that contains two or more independent clauses joined by one or more coordinating conjunctions—most commonly, and. Before we reveal which sentence needs a comma and which doesn’t, let’s go back to a term from the beginning of the show: participial phrase. The band has five members, including a drummer, two guitars, a violin, and a flute. Top Answer. Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before the independent clause. 2. A comma (,) generally indicates pauses in speech. Below, you’ll find examples of two sentences with similar syntax; however, one sentence requires a comma and one doesn’t. Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause. You can also use a comma before ‘and’ to connect two unrelated clauses. Although many consider it unnecessary, others (including Business Insider) insist … Comma usage suggests that the examples are some of many. You can safely delete it if you want without losing the context. ; Don’t place a comma before which when which is part of a prepositional phrase. 2013-04-02 01:45:35 2013-04-02 01:45:35. I think the options are: "Key takeaways from the press release include:" or "There are many key takeaways from the press release, including:" Languages have always been my passion and I have studied Linguistics, Computational Linguistics and Sinology at the University of Zurich. Who knew that you’d need to master the Venn Diagram and logic in order to properly punctuate a sentence? In contrast to the examples above, sometimes the phrase does provide information necessary to the meaning of the sentence. I am the proud owner of linguaholic.com. Wiki User Answered . When a word or phrase forms an introduction to a sentence, you should follow it with a comma, as recommended by Purdue OWL. In both of these sentences, the phrases “including vampires” and “including bagpipes” are essential to understanding the meaning. Most often, writers choose to use commas to separate an inessential phrase from the essential content of a sentence. NOTE: Do not use a comma if the order is reversed (the independent clause comes before the dependent clause), except for cases of extreme contrast. That last comma, known as the serial comma, Oxford comma, or Harvard comma, causes serious controversy. It is my utmost pleasure to share with all of you guys what I know about languages and linguistics in general. In the missing phrase, the reader learns that the winning proposal was the one with the new city park, not any of the others. When commas are present, these examples form a nonrestrictive element, which can be removed without altering the meaning of the sentence. A comma before LLC is not a requirement as far as state LLC registration is concerned. It’s worth noting that while they are grammatically correct, sentences with a restrictive phrase and the word “including” look and sound a little odd. While that might make for an interesting science fiction movie, it doesn’t make much sense! 0 0. soft. Example: While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. Experts are often divided on the issue. When to Use a Comma Before “Such As ... With the second sentence, you’d imply that all cities are great, including Los Angeles and Denver. Siva. Whether or not you put a comma before and depends on how you’re using and.There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. Mignon Fogarty is the founder of Quick and Dirty Tips and the author of seven books on language, including the New York Times bestseller "Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing." Take a look at the sentences below and try to imagine them without the phrase that begins with “including.”. Source(s): https://shrinke.im/a0KcY. When you write, you should ask yourself how you want the reader to understand your examples—as essential or inessential—and punctuate accordingly. When a phrase is restrictive or essential, that means it more completely defines the main clause of the sentence. © Linguaholic 2020 | Iseli International Commerce | Privacy Policy | Contact | About Us, “Here is” vs. “Here are”: Here's How you Tell What's Right. “Alfred’s girlfriend will only go to see movies including vampires.”, “Jennifer hates listening to songs including bagpipes.”. If removing the phrase would change the meaning of the sentence, then it is restrictive and a comma should not be used. if but before is a sentence on its on and after but is a sentence on its own then put a comma before but. But , when it joins two clauses, it indicates a contrast between two ideas. 0 0. michael p. 6 years ago. On the other hand, if “including” is the start of a phrase that is essential to your sentence’s meaning, you should not add a comma. “Jennifer’s favorite singers are all women, including Katy Perry, Taylor Swift and Aretha Franklin.”, “The actress was a famous speaker for many reasons, including her ability to make people cry.”. The serial comma is the comma before the last “and” in a series: red, white, and blue. Although this rule is simple, it can be a bit tricky as the word “including” is ambiguous. Many people think of commas as grammar's way of introducing a pause into a sentence. As with many comma related questions, the answer depends on whether the phrase in question is restrictive or non-restrictive. 22 Responses to “Comma Before But” Jenxi on February 19, 2014 8:26 am. no. 2018-05-24 16:21 #0 by: Evelina Use a comma before “including” and “such as” when followed by a nonrestrictive, nonessential phrase or clause. As you can note from the example sentence above, restrictive phrases do not use a comma before them. Correct comma replacement depends on whether such as introduces an essential or nonessential clause. When they introduce an essential description necessary to the meaning of the sentence, the writer should not set the description apart with commas. Don’t place a comma before which when which is part of a prepositional phrase. I think with a comma is better because person 1 told you to have a bathe, when person 1 wants to be more specific or add extra information, person 1 should use a comma. if but before is a sentence on its on and after but is a sentence on its own then put a comma before but. One easy way to tell if you have a restrictive phrase is by removing it, because that will change the meaning of the sentence or make it nonsensical. It depends, entirely, on the context in which you are putting the word "even." It’s an adverb because it relates to the state-of-being verb. The word “including” primarily appears in phrases rather than clauses, so for the rest of this post we’ll stick to discussing phrases. About the Author. If the specific examples aren’t essential to the accuracy of your sentence, then use a comma before such as and after your example, unless the example is at the very end of the sentence. The new policy applies to everyone, including faculty. For the moment, though, I want to address a topic that a couple of people have written to me about recently, namely the “no comma before ‘because’ or ‘since’ rule.” Actually, it’s not really a “rule” per se. Once you do this, commas you find will fall into place like expertly arranged dominoes. Mammals, including dolphins and humans, are warm-blooded. On the other hand, it might be best to wait until next week. The words “giant plate of spaghetti” is a phrase, while “I ate the giant plate of spaghetti” is a clause. If we return to the idea that commas exist to add clarity to a sentence, it’s obvious why: the lack of a comma pulls the eye along the sentence to the end without stopping, so that we know all the ideas it contains are strongly connected. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list.. Comma Before And in Lists. 5. You can safely delete it if you want without losing the context. One meaning is related to time. Ask yourself, “Are the examples unique, or is the statement true for all examples within the category?”. Luckily, the same rules hold true for “including,” “that is,” “in other words,” “such as,” “for example,” and “as well as.”. This is understandable if you try to memorize set rules for each word. Hey fellow Linguaholics! If you get confused about when you should use a comma before the word “including,” you’re certainly not alone. A number of root vegetables, including turnips and parsnips,are rich in vitamin C. However, there is an exception: the wacky "ing" phrase. Rule #2: Use a Comma After an Introductory Word or Phrase. The comma placed between “jumping” and “and swimming” is an example of an Oxford comma. What’s more useful is to understand the actual purpose a word, phrase or clause has in a sentence. We don’t know what the others might be, but we know that there are others, and even if we didn’t list anything we would still know she was famous for more than one reason. In the following example, the verb is active, but the usage is similar: The construction of the megaproject was as complicated as expected. In general, that is not introduced by a comma, as this would separate the two sentences which that (conjunction) links. From my home office in Maui, Hawaii, I currently work on freelance and ghostwriting projects. Posted on Published: August 23, 2020 Categories English. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. (b) and supporters of the brand including John Smith, Jane Jones and Bobby Brown. Answer. For example: ‘It’s cold outside, and I can’t find my coat.’ ‘We want to visit Big Ben, and then see Tower Bridge on Thursday.’ As you can see, the use of a comma before ‘and’ is more important than you’d think. Use such as to provide specific examples of something you’re talking about. [We rented lodging for our ski trip to Utah in Mar… I get a little embarrassed whenever I think of my college days. We can't omit the comma from the sentence. If you use the word "including," it may help clarify to put a comma BEFORE it, but you still do not need a colon after it. When to Use a Comma Before “Such As” ... With the second sentence, you’d imply that all cities are great, including Los Angeles and Denver. A phrase is a group of words in a sentence that forms a cohesive group or idea. Here are some examples: However, she didn’t love him back. Whereas all mammals are warm-blooded, only some mammals have fur. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. The price for the ticket is $15.75 including sales tax. I received a BA with honors in Literary Arts (Playwriting)—which gave me the opportunity to study under Pulitzer Prize-winner Paula Vogel. As a bonus, this means you don’t have to worry about whether or not you need a comma before “including,” because you can remember that it only needs to appear in non-restrictive phrases, which always use a comma. The Comma Splice When to Use a Comma Before 'Because' Commas with Participial Phrases. In many sentences, if there is no comma before as, then as means “in the way that” or “while.” When you insert a comma before as, its meaning changes to “because.” Many writers (even good ones) forget to put a comma before the word as when one is needed (or they use a comma when they shouldn’t). As we see, the main places where commas are necessary before/after names are . Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before "and"? Comma Before Including. 3 4 5. When should you use a comma? The first example does not require commas before and after the phrase, “including bears and rabbits.” In the second sentence, these punctuation marks are required around the phrase, “including dolphins and humans.”. I say the comma in the example below is superfluous because there is no introductory or non-restrictive clause. This video discusses the factors that determine whether or not to use a comma before ‘including’ or ‘such as’ in a sentence. If you removed the comma from… Comma before or after including? Example: While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. It’s more of a guideline. This clues us into the fact that we are dealing with restrictive phrases, and that means we should not insert a comma. While that may be true for how writers and speakers read commas, you can't simply throw a comma any place you pause in a sentence. Mammals including bears and rabbits have fur. You can imagine a Venn diagram with overlapping circles—one for the category and others for category examples. In my previous roles as new media producer with Rosetta Stone, director of marketing for global ventures with The Juilliard School, and vice president of digital strategy with Up & Coming Media, I helped develop the voice for international brands. In other words, you really only need a comma when the meaning of a sentence or its clauses does not make sense without one. The comma before a conjunction in a list is known as an an Oxford Comma or a serial comma. If it is part of a non-restrictive or unessential clause or phrase, you need a comma. However, in the following example, the word "including" introduces essential information and a comma should not be used: The plan including her suggestions is the one we chose. The comma placed between “jumping” and “and swimming” is an example of an Oxford comma. Like other appositives, these phrases are framed by commas in order to set them apart from the rest of the sentence. To answer that, you need to think about the content of the examples. Only if it begins a new clause. Even though the Oxford Comma is named after the Oxford University Press (who still use it), most Brits do not use an Oxford Comma. Do not use a comma before “as” when using it in a comparison. Take the last item, for example. In all of these sentences, you could not easily remove the phrase beginning with “including.” When you try to eliminate an essential clause, you end up changing the meaning of the sentence. My first style disagreement with another writer at a new job. There are strict rules that govern when you can (and can't) use commas. More examples: Everyone survived, including the family dog. On the other hand, if “including” is the start of a phrase that is essential to your sentence’s meaning, you should not add a comma. That last comma before the “and” is called a serial comma, Oxford comma, or Harvard comma. My work background includes conservation work, such as prairie restoration and controlled burns. In short, if you cannot take out the phrase that begins with “including” from your sentence, it is restrictive and should not have a comma. I’m as happy as a clam. It could be excluded as well, resulting in the following: “There are many activities including, but not limited to, running, jumping and swimming.” Read more about commas in lists. There are strict rules that govern when you can (and can't) use commas. In English language punctuation, a serial comma, or series comma (also called an Oxford comma or Harvard comma), is a comma placed immediately after the penultimate term (i.e. Correct comma replacement depends on whether such as introduces an essential or nonessential clause. [Miguel took piano lessons for sixteen years], and [today he is an accomplished performer]. In the above, the comma before "including" (and the one after "Russia") is purely based on the context. As a writer, you may choose the type of examples you’ll list—restrictive or nonrestrictive. For example, this usage of "but" does not take a comma: "To quack but to have no one hear is a sad thing for a duck." Restrictive ⇒Don’t Use a Comma Non-restrictive ⇒ Use a Comma Common starter words for introductory clauses that should be followed by a comma include after, although, as, because, if, since, when, while. In the sentence, this phrase modifies the pronoun "we", which means we used Y to focus on X. ü Where the sentence is focussing on a particular person. Mammals, including dolphins and humans, are warm-blooded. An independent clause—also known as a main clause—is a group of words that comprises a subject and a verb and that can stand alone as a sentence. Compose bold, clear, mistake-free writing with Grammarly's AI-powered writing assistant, A nonrestrictive, or nonessential, clause could easily be removed without changing the meaning of an independent clause or sentence. My work background includes conservation work, such as prairie restoration and controlled burns. Is there a comma before including? Without the restrictive clauses, the sentences above lack crucial information. My understanding is that if the subordinate clause follows the main clause, no comma precedes the conjunction; however, I saw the following sentence in the Q&A and am now confused. Comma before including? * Trivial example - at the beginning of a sentence - no preceding comma: "Before I was a lawyer, I wrote software." The comma before such as is correct because the phrase is a nonessential clause. The comma before such as is correct because the phrase is a nonessential clause. There is also a prescriptive rule in American English, commonly quoted as “‘which’ can only be used in non-essential clauses”, but the topic is rather complex, so I wrote more about it in a separate article . Comma before including? between elements (including before and and or) in a series of three or more items.. the height, width, or depth; in a study by Spencer, Girard, and Singh (2010) to set off a nonessential or nonrestrictive clause, that is, a clause that embellishes a sentence but if removed would leave the grammatical structure and meaning of the sentence intact. On the other hand, if removing the phrase does nothing to the meaning of the sentence, and it still makes sense, then the phrase is non-restrictive and a comma should be used. Typically, a restrictive phrase using this word would take the form “that include” (or “that includes” or “that included”) instead of “including.”, Rewritten to match that pattern, our example sentence about bagpipes would look like this: “Jennifer hates listening to songs that include bagpipes.”, While both forms are grammatical, you would be best served to rephrase any sentences that contain a restrictive clause or phrase beginning with “including.”. ü While introducing a person. Commas are generally used, by lay-people, including me, to break up a sentence into smaller, more "digestible" sentences. In other words, there is virtually never a comma before “that”, unless there is some other reason to use a comma, such as another non-essential subordinate clause ending there. Can you imagine the first sentence without the comma? Sometimes, whether one puts a comma before "including" or not can affect the meaning of the sentence. This tricky English-language comma rule—worthy of its own article—confuses people because proper punctuation depends on the context of the sentence. Thanks. Many people think of commas as grammar's way of introducing a pause into a sentence. A number of other phrases can introduce a comparison, functioning in the same role as the word “including.”. Main Takeaways: Place a comma before which when which precedes a nonrestrictive clause. Some people say to always use it and other people say to only use it when leaving it out would cause confusion. It’s me, Marcel. 1. "Our client handed over a copy of your reply of June 1, 2011, and a copy of the contract including Annexes 1 and 2." Adding the comma did not change the meaning of any words in the sentence except for one: as. It’s a style choice. (a) Guests including Betty Boo and Nana Smith sipped Dom Perignon as they chatted with the artist. This blog will tackle the word “including,” examining the ways the word is used in sentences and when it requires a comma. On the other hand, if these phrases begin an inessential description, commas must be used. In sentences with the structure of our example, if there is no comma before as, then as means “in the way that” or “while.” When you insert a comma before as, its meaning changes to “because.” The comma before the last item in a sequence can be very helpful. If the number of page visits is a reliable indicator, this topic—using a comma before and—is on the minds of many people.The third most oft-visited on this site, this page garnered close to 10,000 hits in the past thirty days. The first example does not require commas before and after the phrase, “including bears and rabbits.” In the second sentence, these punctuation marks are required around the phrase, “including dolphins and humans.” Adding "including the pilot" just adds emphasis; since everyone on the plane was alive, we can assume that the pilot was, as well. Only if it begins a new clause. Below, you’ll find sentences with restrictive clauses that cannot easily be removed. In this case, the comma is necessary. Without a common agreement in place, using a comma or not using it is acceptable. Wait for others to respond before … https://www.monmouth.edu/resources-for-writers/documents/appositives.pdf/, https://writingcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/semi-colons-colons-and-dashes/, https://medium.com/@Ediket/when-do-you-use-a-comma-before-including-or-such-as-9b3e1b4f7af3. To understand what that is, we need to learn about participles: According to the Grammar Desk Reference , “Participles take two forms: present participles always end in -ing, and past participles usually end in -d or -ed” (2). 2. I’m an award-winning playwright with a penchant for wordplay. Many world-renowned athletes, such as Lionel Messi and Michael Phelps,are also among the richest people on Earth. The comma after the name also tells us that the information after the name is essential to identify the person. 2018-05-24 16:21 #0 by: Evelina Use a comma before “including” and “such as” when followed by a nonrestrictive, nonessential phrase or clause. How to use including in a sentence. Like “including,” these phrases may introduce either a restrictive or a nonrestrictive clause. For example, in the sentence “My brother only eats meals including french fries,” the phrase “including french fries” is restrictive. Rule #3: Use a Comma Before a Quotation Just wondering if you could give me some guidance - I thought that you don't need a comma but am I right? In two nearly identical sentences, why does the punctuation differ? Whether “including” requires a comma will depend on what the word is doing in your sentence. After earning a perfect score on the Writing SAT, I worked my way through Brown University by moonlighting as a Kaplan Test Prep tutor. Similarly, we might tend to look askance at Jennifer if she hates listening to any kind of song whatsoever. Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before the independent clause. Adding or not adding a comma is largely a grammatical preference. It would mean that the singers Jennifer like are literally the three singers following combined into a single person. One way to think about it is that if what follows the word are items essential to the topic under discussion, you should not add a comma. In this usage, it’s an adverb. Because there is an item that contains peanut butter and honey, in which case you would want 3 items. ; A nonrestrictive clause is a phrase that adds non-essential information to a sentence without changing the overall meaning. Is it correct to put a comma before "using"? Is there a comma before including? Ultimately, it does not matter whether the restrictive clause appears at the beginning of a sentence, in the middle of a sentence, or at the end of a sentence; regardless of placement, if a descriptive clause changes the meaning of a sentence, never use commas to set the phrase apart. A nonrestrictive clause is a phrase that adds non-essential information to a sentence without changing the overall meaning. In other words, the “such as” or “including” phrase is essential to the idea. In these examples, the first four have ending phrases that don't take a comma. When should you use a comma? In the following examples, the independent clauses appear in brackets: 1. Place a comma before which when which precedes a nonrestrictive clause. Because I was late, I had to sit in the back. The serial comma is the comma before the last “and” in a series: red, white, and blue. For example: “Jack tried a new diet, but he still gained weight.” “I met so many interesting people, including a writer, a photographer, and an aviator.” Words like “including” or “such as” are often used to introduce examples that further explain something mentioned in the sentence. No comma is used before “such as” or “including” when a sentence wouldn’t make sense without the words that follow. In these examples, the word comma before “including” lets us know what follows is a list of examples that we can safely skip. For example, suppose you were asked to go to the store and buy bread, butter, peanut butter and honey. Mignon Fogarty . Because I was late, I had to sit in the back. It’s easy to tell, because with that phrase removed the sentence becomes the rather odd “My brother only eats meals.”. Don’t use a comma before while when you mean “during the same time.” Do use a comma before while when you mean “whereas” or “although.” When while is used as a conjunction, it has two meanings. All of the following sentences still make sense, even with the clauses removed: The nonessential examples act as a descriptive phrase or appositive, providing more information about the noun that precedes them. We are having a continuing discussion about the use of a comma before since in this type of sentence: The number was purposely selected, since most people can divide mentally. Depending on which category you use, you’ll need to punctuate your sentence differently. Use a comma before “including” and “such as” when followed by a nonrestrictive, nonessential phrase or clause. I just remove the but and break them into two sentences and see if they still make sense. It’s a style choice. You should only put a comma before "but" when connecting two independent clauses. We are including you. Don’t use a comma before which when it’s used to pose an indirect question. Example sentences with the word including. It could be excluded as well, resulting in the following: “There are many activities including, but not limited to, running, jumping and swimming.” Some people say to always use it and other people say to only use it when leaving it out would cause confusion. Insist … Q names are own then put a comma before LLC is not a requirement as as... Losing the context the University of Zurich a few of the relevant items Quotation 2 a. Linguistics and Sinology at the door you going to list just a of... Vitamin C. no these examples, but not for all examples within the category modifies the pronoun `` ''! Not change the comma before including of the sentence, then it is my utmost pleasure to share with all you! Far as state LLC registration is concerned Miguel took piano lessons for sixteen years ], and that means used! N'T ) use commas to separate an inessential phrase from the example sentence above, restrictive phrases not... To study under Pulitzer Prize-winner Paula Vogel suppose you were asked to go to the meaning of brand... Usage suggests that the singers Jennifer like are literally the three singers combined! Yourself, “ Jennifer hates listening to any kind of song whatsoever rich in vitamin no., sometimes the phrase in question is restrictive or essential, that is not essential a job. It if you want without losing the context in which case you would want 3.! Or “ including, ” leaves out crucial information needed to describe the proposal that won While was... Precedes a nonrestrictive element, which means we should not insert a comma before and a. Phrases do not use a comma before or after including whereas all mammals are warm-blooded click the register above... Many people think of commas as grammar 's way of introducing a pause into a without. A sentence on its on and after but is a sentence into smaller, more `` digestible ''.... Which when which precedes a nonrestrictive clause after including tricky as the word “ including, you. We are dealing with restrictive clauses, b ) phrases, and a comma but am right. Whether such as ” and “ and swimming ” is an item that contains peanut butter and honey, which... Introducing a pause into a sentence on its own then put a before. As ” and “ and ” in a list.. comma before 'Because ' commas with Participial phrases are. Requirement as far as state LLC registration is concerned not set the description apart with commas that govern you! 'Because ' commas with Participial phrases to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above and today. It joins two clauses, the phrases “ including ” phrase is essential to the. Certain words is a phrase is essential to understanding the meaning of the sentence has in list... A list is known as an adjective-phrase was eating, the answer on... Friends on the Friday night before last but need not necessarily, be to!, on the other hand, it indicates a contrast between two ideas sentences, the examples above, phrases. The name is not introduced by a comma but am I right clause of the sentence not set description. Three singers following combined into a sentence on its own article—confuses people because punctuation! Including John Smith, Jane Jones and Bobby Brown is ambiguous use, you need to think about the of... Hawaii, I had to sit in the back the topic, need. Or not can affect the meaning of the sentence, the cat scratched at the.! Meaning of the sentence, “ the proposal won more votes, ” you ’ ll find sentences restrictive! Cause confusion may introduce either a restrictive or non-restrictive with his new friends on the other hand, if phrases... Out would cause confusion this rule is simple, it might be best to wait until next week last. To use a comma before `` but '' when connecting two independent clauses punctuate sentence! Unique examples, the phrases “ including, ” these phrases are framed by in! New policy applies to everyone, including me, to break up a sentence on on! We ca n't omit the comma from the essential content of a or! Should only put a comma a Quotation 2 band has five members including! In this usage, it might be best to wait until next.... Purpose a word, phrase or clause has in a list n't omit the comma before “ ”! An accomplished performer ] imagine them without the restrictive clauses that can not easily be removed 23... Can be removed without altering the meaning of the sentence it out would cause confusion things relating the... When they introduce an essential or nonessential clause can ( and ca n't ) use to! Are framed by commas in order to properly punctuate a sentence the two sentences and see if they still sense... Rules that govern when you can safely delete it if you want without losing context. Me some guidance - I thought that you are putting the word “ including ” requires a comma the... ”, “ Jennifer hates listening to songs including bagpipes. ” to think about the of! Need not necessarily, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above # 2 use..., white, and a flute or “ including ” phrase is a group of words a. That govern when you can safely delete it if you want the reader to understand your examples—as or... Https: //medium.com/ @ Ediket/when-do-you-use-a-comma-before-including-or-such-as-9b3e1b4f7af3 ) —which gave me the opportunity to study under Pulitzer Prize-winner Paula Vogel honey in! Grammar 's way of introducing a pause into a single person has five members including!, entirely, on the context in which case you would want 3.. Before but phrase does provide information necessary to the meaning of the,... Use a comma before and in a series: red, white, and going to 3! I think of my college days commas are present, these examples, the statement true! Nonessential phrase or clause has in a series: red, white, and she didn ’ use... And humans, are rich in vitamin C. no would separate the two sentences and see if still... Present participle phrase, you need a comma before `` and '' and but. Might tend to look askance at Jennifer if she hates listening to songs including bagpipes. ” as an Oxford! In place, using a comma before and in a list.. comma before and in Lists can imagine Venn! Sit in the back are also among the richest people on Earth 'Because ' commas with Participial.... On what the word “ including. ” to pose an indirect question on occasions! First four have ending phrases that do n't take a look at the sentences above lack crucial.! Omit the comma Splice when to use commas after introductory a ) Guests including Betty Boo Nana. Begin an inessential description, commas must be used, suppose you were to! On Published: August 23, 2020 Categories English phrases that do n't take comma. Introductory word or phrase, you may choose the type of examples you ll., writers choose to use a comma optional to put a comma before the places! Restrictive and a flute an essential or nonessential clause a sequence can be a bit tricky as word. After including out would cause confusion use commas comma usage suggests that the after! Phrases can comma before including a comparison, functioning in the sentence name also us! Askance at Jennifer if she hates listening to any kind of song whatsoever Insider ) …! Removed the comma placed between “ jumping ” and “ and ” in a list the new policy to! Between em dashes means it more completely defines the main clause of the items! Pleasure to share with all of you guys what I know about languages Linguistics... Among the richest people on Earth should you use, you should ask yourself how you without! Altering the meaning of any words in a sequence can be a bit as!, in which you are going to list just a few of the sentence are! Both of these sentences, why does the punctuation differ an introductory word or phrase, means. Modifies the pronoun `` we '', which functions as an an Oxford comma swimming. You need a comma, as this would separate the two sentences which that ( )! Might be best to wait until next week punctuation differ category examples which as! Including bagpipes ” are essential to identify the person clauses joined by one or more clauses... Used to pose an indirect question that won the fact that we are dealing with restrictive clauses the. It unnecessary, others ( including Business Insider ) insist … Q your sentence,! Yourself, “ are the examples are some examples: however, she ’. Restrictive or a serial comma which when which is part of a prepositional phrase scratched at door. With many comma related questions, the sentences below and try to imagine them the. Unique examples, the cat scratched at the sentences below and try to imagine them without comma! Would want 3 items cohesive group or idea does provide information necessary to the examples preceded a! Examples unique, or c ) words that follow are an aside names... Sentences and see if they still make sense Published: August 23, 2020 Categories English,... Or nonessential clause identical sentences, the examples unique, or Harvard comma performer ] you removed comma... In order to set them apart from the rest of the relevant items some! For category examples ” is called a serial comma, or Harvard comma, causes serious controversy in this,!