From the peninsula of Florida on the mainland of the United States, the islands stretch 1,200 miles (1,900 km) southeastward, then 500 miles (800 km) south, then west along the north coast of Venezuela on the South American mainland. Pointe des Châteaux, eastern Grande-Terre, Guadeloupe. The CBI was begun by the United States in 1984 to provide duty-free access to the U.S. market for a wide range of products. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/west-indies. . A large number of plant species in the Caribbean are indigenous to the region. The forests that once covered most of the West Indies were cut down in many areas by sugar-plantation owners for firewood to heat their refining vats. Under the new owners, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Marie Galante, Désirade, the Iles des Saintes, Grenada, and part of St. Kitts emerged as plantation colonies worked by African slaves. Also, by propitiating the messenger to the Gods, who carried words of the individual's fate, that fate could be altered to one more favorable. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Sugar and its by-products continued to dominate the island economies through much of the twentieth century. The French and English creoles are a blend of these languages with African and West Indian languages. The phial contained some stuff which appeared like quicksilver. 16 Oct. 2020 . 16 Oct. 2020 . , the West Indies cricket team is ranked eighth in the world in Tests, ninth in One-Day Internationals (ODIs) and ninth in Twenty20 Internationals (T20Is) in the official International Cricket Council (ICC) rankings. The accused then made three marks on the table and took out a phial and a white stone. Agriculture is the traditional basis of the economies of the West Indies, but production and employment in agriculture have been declining. Kadish, Doris. In Cuba and Puerto Rico, Santeria emerged its mixing with Spanish Catholicism. Witness replied, 'I am well sick.' To prevent theft of crops, for instance, they sometimes adorned trees around the edge of a banana or orange grove with miniature coffins, old bones, bottles of dirty water, and other obeah objects. 50k. Robert Aldrich and John Connell, France's Overseas Frontier; Départements et Territoires d'Outre-Mer (1992). © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Witness—"Yes; any man who can see ghosts will know a man ghost from a woman ghost.". "West Indies People also call this area the Caribbean. Naipaul (Trinidad), Jean Price-Mars and Edwidge Danticat (Haiti), and C.L.R. Religious practice included obeah (magic ), "possession" of certain people by the deities (similar to mediumship), and communication with and guidance from ancestor spirits. Voudou eventually became established in New Orleans and the surrounding countryside. The West Indies was thus repopulated by the forced transportation of African peoples. France acquired Saint Lucia in 1763 and Tobago in 1783, then lost them to the British in 1815. The economies of the region are marked by dependence on the export of a few commodities, commonly agricultural, and consequently are extremely vulnerable to external economic events. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/west-indies. The Open Campus does not have a faculty structure. Williamsburg: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Bird species include several parrots, hummingbirds, ibis, and flamingos. West Indies is the winner of two Initial Cricket world cups. . Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Most of these people came from the various tribes along the coast of West Africa from present-day Senegal to Nigeria. In the West Indies the major deities included Shango, Ogun, and Eshu (in Trinidad) and Legba, Erzulie, and Damballah (in Haiti). Tourism is increasingly important to the economies of the two island territories. Encyclopedia.com. South Asians constitute a substantial minority in the region, especially in Trinidad and Tobago, where they make up almost four-tenths of the population. 6) Trinidad And Tobago’s Cricketer Of The Year In … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Voudoun Fire: The Living Reality of Mystical Religion. The West Indies’ creole languages, evolved from pidgin variants of European languages, have become the common languages of many of the people. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. French Guiana experienced a gold rush at the turn of the twentieth century, and today exports jungle hardwoods. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The independent states of the West Indies tend to be aligned with Western countries. A highly charged and ambiguous term, Obeah (sometimes spelled obia ) refers to various forms of spiritual power. The region’s birth rate historically has been low in comparison with those of other less-developed countries. French Guiana, with an area of 36,400 square miles, consists of low coastal plains and tropical rain forests. Abu Dhabi. The several small independence parties are elector-ally insignificant but add to the ongoing debate. The end of plantation slavery began in the French colonies in 1793 with the massive slave rebellion on Saint Domingue, which succeeded in ending both slavery and French rule in what was renamed Haiti. African-derived Caribbean religion entered the United States at the time of the Haitian slave rebellion in 1908 and in the years to follow. Answer: Rohan Kanhai Rohan Kanhai was one of the great West Indian batsmen who played from 1957 to 1975. In the New World, such religion was at best distasteful to the European understanding; it was often despised by the ruling elite. Destruction of primeval forest has also occurred as a result of slash-and-burn agriculture. עֵד, one that has personal knowledge of an event or a fact. What are the islands of the Maldives made of? ." Often, however, it raises the local cost of living without producing much employment. He came to him at Bumper Hall, where he was working, and he said to him, 'Man, how you find me here?' Land fauna is an impoverished version of the fauna found on the nearby South American mainland. Then the workers would not enter and steal. The celebration of Notting Hill Carnival which takes place every year in London and is the biggest street carnival is Europe, comes out of West Indian culture. Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. The dominant political issue facing the three territories today is their political relationship with France. West Indies. In 1794, the French Revolutionary government declared the end of slavery in all French colonies. West Indies in New Zealand, 2020 Match Report - West Indies in New Zealand, 2020 cricket summary and score updates. Cuba has endeavoured to break the usual pattern of economic dependence on one or two main cash crops so common in the West Indies. Marine life is largely unexploited for food. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/west-indies. Area 90,339 square miles (233,976 square km). The Oxford Companion to British History. Reggae music, now world-renowned, originated in Jamaica. The religion was led by priests and priestesses (variously termed in the different islands), who performed the rites for the higher deities; medicine men, who dealt with lower evil spirits (the cause of disease and harm to individuals); and sorcerers, who were supposed to attack tribal enemies but sometimes, for a price, attacked individuals with their magical powers. French Guiana was the most ethnically heterogeneous. Most of these people came from the various tribes along the coast of West Africa from present-day Senegal to Nigeria. "West Indies Evin Lewis scored 125 unbeaten runs in the only T20I game of India’s tour of West Indies 2017. He did not know the man before, but he began by asking him what was the matter. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. The creole is bad, but the coolie is rather worse. He then asked for the 5s. Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. The islands separate the Caribbean Sea from the rest of the Atlantic Ocean. New York: Chelsea House, 1970. Entertainment,World Records,Sports News,Players Profile,Hot Girls Collection,Hollywood Bollywood Every Movie Review,Preview Martinique, with similar topography, covers 440 square miles. English; Martinique and Guadeloupe, important producers of sugarcane, used slave labor imported from Africa. WITNESS (Heb. These islands were called the … While a few of the Africans were Muslims, the majority were followers of the West African religious system, which with relatively minor alterations from tribe to tribe pervaded the area from which the slaves were taken. Henry Dundas, in the House of Commons, on the ... laid before the House upon that subject. Encyclopedia.com. ." 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Numerous species of bats and lizards all the government services available in mainland.!
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